Allegations of petty theft

As in the case of sexual violence, a special law should be made against lynching and given wide publicity to make people aware of legal punishments. A society which accepts different kinds of social systemic and random violence as routine, can become an easy prey to political violence of Fascism.In many cases of lynching, locally organised cow protection groups take the lead and incite mob violence against hapless victims. The next victims were the African Americans and 3,446 African Americans were lynched between 1882 and 1968.The changing narrative in the Modi-Shah-Yogi era leads to Taj Mahal ceasing to be an architectural marvel and becoming a symbol of Muslim invasion and conquest.The increased lynching of minorities in the last four years is closely related to local level Hindutva outfits and a supportive state power.

Allegations of petty theft, witchcraft, etc are other reasons cited. Reply to a question in Parliament in the monsoon session of 2017 mentioned 288 cases of honour killing between 2014 and 2016. However, an appropriate social corrective and a political response are also important. Lynchings erupted when farmers tried to terrorize the labourers. Such violence is treated just a crime by state authorities.American-Arabs, Moslems, and Sikhs attacked by strident patriotic mobs in misplaced retribution for 2001’s horrific "9-11" events were another spate of lynching in the US. Love is turned into the fodder of hatred. These incidences rose from less than 5% of cases of mob violence in 2012, to more than 20% by June 2017.The other serious aspect is the role of social media, specially Facebook WhatsApp.. In fact, once vociferously targeted groups were Mexican-Americans, Chinese labourers, Italians, anti-Capitalist and "unpatriotic"union activists, homosexuals, Jews, and Mormons. Let the movement for cow protection be based and popularised on clear-cut economic and scientific principles.Each political party criticises mob violence only when the ‘mob’ does not subscribe to their ideology or is not affiliated to them. Further, at least 605 Hispanic Americans were lynched in the United States between 1848 and 1928. In attempting to reconstruct the plantation economy, planters were anxious to control labour. However, it needs to be underlined that even without these two factors, individuals and communities in India face lot of violence which enjoys passive, or active public approval.All "cow protection" gangs involved in terrorising and lynching be banned. Democracy is not possible in a society which accepts mass violence as a norm.D. The irony is that both the people who are lynching and who are lynched belong to the same strata of society — Lower middle class or poor."Global Context of LynchingLynching has originated in North America. A July 2017 report from the pro Right Wing think-tank, Observer Research Foundation, found a sharp increase in cow related violent incidences among total cases of mob violence.Ninety seven per cent of these incidences were reported after Modi govt came to power in 2014, and 84% per cent of those killed were Muslim. Many of these public displays of unimaginable brutality were ritualised affairs, carefully orchestrated. Hence, information about it can be gained only from media and fact finding reports. The most common excuse is suspicion of child abduction.

In reality, its prevalence all over India is a symptom of a deep social malaise. Fascism is anti-democratic, precisely because it uses violence as a political tool against selected social and political groups. The police now say that gory WhatsApp images of cows and blood flamed passions ahead of the Dadri lynching. The hordes of white settlers who swarmed the Americas in 16th and 17th centuries first lynched and eliminated the Native Americans to rob their lands. Dalits have been facing caste violence for thousands of years. Even now, despite constitutional provisions, many of them face every day public humiliation.In independent India, we saw this mob violence in its ugliest form in the 1984 killings of the innocent Sikhs in Delhi by the goons of Congress. However, it is not listed as a separate crime under the Indian Penal Code (IPC). And today, there is a natural, near-universal suspicion that the BJP is actually quite happy with the Hindu vote consolidation that Muslim hunting might bring about. during the "Red Summer" of 1919, attacking African-Americans in a frenzy whipped up by racism, anti-communism, fears of joblessness, and post-war jingoism.C. People also take China Pvc coated Oxford fabric Factory the law into their hands thinking that those they target may escape the clutches of law if let free. One media report (atboomlive. In addition, agricultural depression was widespread, and the price of cotton kept falling after the Civil War into the 1890s.Documented history shows lynch mobs roaming the streets of Washington lists 13 dead due to lynching in such cases in the first half of 2018. More recently, at Una in 2016, four dalit youth skinning dead cattle were publicly beaten by a cow protection gang, and the video recording of the beating was widely shared as a proof of just punishment. Every political party encourages this mob violence.All decent human beings feel revulsion against lynching of a fellow being.The mindset of plain bigotry to avoid a cab driven by a Muslim or not to be serviced by a Muslim delivery boy to lynching; the other on the basis of rumours runs exactly opposite to the famed Indian value of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam (the world is my family), which PM Modi declared as a guiding principle of his government. Attributing religious qualities to it gives it a godly status. Police is a passive accomplice, and in most cases, criminal cases are filed against victims themselves under cow protection laws.Lynching, which means killing of individuals by mobs, is a public crime. Refusal to take note of, or delayed condemnation of sectarian violence, by those in positions of power, signal tolerance of such activity. Mass campaigns, especially involving youth and students should be started against this culture of violence.If corrective measures are not taken today, the acceptance of lynching on perceived righteousness will permeate the social fabric soon and it will be tough to reverse the process later. While hysteria was certainly an element of lynch mob behaviour, perhaps a persistent one, other aspects of the experience seemed more deliberate and conscious. Has any action related to the source of these images and messages circulated on WhatsApp been taken by the UP or Rajasthan home ministry, or the Union home ministry?Way Ahead: Resist ViolencePolitical parties and social organisations should make special efforts to prevent incidences of public violence.According to web portal IndiaSpend, 25 Indians were killed in 60 cow related violent incidences between 2010 and 2017.Lynching: Prelude to FascismWhile the lynching of minorities is largely political, the caste and ethnic violence and honour killings are social systemic. Massacres of dalits by gangs of caste Hindus at Kilevenmani, Bathani Tola, Laxmanpur Bathe, Khairlanji are among the darkest spots in post independence Indian history.On July 1, five nomadic beggars in Dhule district of Maharashtra were lynched based on the rumour of child-lifting. Rana Pratap and Akbar undergo role reversals as to who defeated whom.Every inter-faith marriage becomes an instance of love jihad. We can see initial signs of lynching connected to destabilising carpet or zari industry, cattle business etc run by minorities and dalits in India, and also land mafia at times encouraging lynching to get prime land in India.Lynching in the Era of Modi-Shah led BJPSince the political successes of BJP under Modi, India is witnessing not only a degradation of institutions of democratic governance, but also degradation of public morals.Lynchings were public demonstrations of white power and a means to exert social control. How come the agencies say thisafter the deaths? Muzaffarnagar, Shamli, Baghpat and Meerut — the violence of 2013 was made possible because of the sprinkling of hatred spewed via the visual-text communications threw up a challenge to law and order authorities by the salacious use of the widely used chatting app WhatsApp. The more people show acceptance of the current style of aggressive bravado and blatant use of lies and abuse in public discourse, more they become insensitive to others; and then they also become more likely to turn into brutes at any opportunity of lynching. Racial tensions had an economic base. Adivasis, mentally disturbed persons, migrant workers, single women and even tourists have been targeted.It indicates a very low level of opposition to violence per se in our society. Police and Courts should take an unambiguous stand against lynching and perpetrators punished at the earliest. While the crowd created by political parties with a purpose indulges in violence, the unorganised association of people carries out the killing on certain faulty premises. If fascism is made easy by mass acceptance of violence, its success legitimises violence and further lowers the threshold level of acceptance of violence." Savarkar was dismissive of cow worship: "A substance is edible to the extent that it is beneficial to man. History and science become sites of communal contest, in which fact succumbs to mightier fiction or post-truths, causing planes to fly in ancient India, soaring over hospitals performing plastic surgery and producing test tube babies.Same goes on today in Alwar, Hapur, Assam. Such a superstitious mindset destroys the nation’s intellect. Swami Vivekananda: "There was a time in this very India when, without eating beef, no Brahmin could remain a Brahmin; you read in the Vedas how, when a Sanyasin, a king, or a great man came into a house, the best bullock was killed; how in time it was found that as we were an agricultural race, killing the best bulls meant annihilation of the race. Savarkar (Samagra Savarkar Vangmaya).No Support in Hindu History as wellJust in context, there isn’t much support for cow worship in ancient Hindu texts (Ramayana and Mahabharata), nor among Hindu scholars like Swami Vivekananda (Madurai lecture) or V. Cow protection laws which give a legal fig leaf to such gangs should be repealed all over India.Since the beginning of the year, incidences of such lynching have taken place in states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana and Assam, which otherwise show little evidence of communal lynching. Hate filled messages fabricated with lies are spread on social media to gather crowds. The week from June 13 to 20, 2018 saw four Muslims lynched at Hapur (UP) and at Godda and Ramgarh in Jharkhand.The author is a noted media academic and columnist, and former Dean of Symbiosis and Amity Universities.

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